Franz Schubert, 1825.
Symphony No. 9 in C Major, D.94 - III - Scherzo: Allegro vivace—Trio—Scherzo da capo.
Franz Schubert's Ninth Symphony is often refered to as the Great symphony. At first this was to draw a distinction between his Little Symphony in C Major, but now this term is applied out of respect for the symphony's epic and grand sound as well as its innovativeness.
Schubert in many ways continues where Beethoven leaves off. The thematic sound of the symphony certainly was inspired by Beethoven. It was with the Ninth Symphony however that melody became a critical aspect of the symphony. This new use of melody has been attributed as inspiration for Schumann(who discovered the manuscript for this symphony after Schuberts death) and Mendelssohn (who conducted the symphony's first performance). Indeed this innovative style would inspire many future composers. This was not the only innovation. Along with his other masterpiece The Unfinished Symphony, Schubert was the first to truly integrate the use of the trombone in the orchestral sound. Prior to Schubert the trombone was minor in role and only used for effect.
Selected recordings recommended for purchasing:
New York Philharmonic (conducted by Bernstein) version available here.
Berliner Philharmoniker (conducted by Furtwängler) version available here.
Cleveland Orchestra (conducted by Szell) version available here.